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RESEARCH QUESTIONS

WHAT IS THE SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE OF JEWELLERY?
MANGAL SUTRA-An Indian wedding remains incomplete without Mangal Sutra.

A mangal sutra is an Indian symbol of Hindu marriage, consisting of a gold ornament strung from a yellow thread, a string of black beads or in the form of a gold chain.

It worn by a married woman until her husband's death and its an important part of Wedding Jewelry.

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BINDI-Bindis are dots traditionally worn by women in India to decorate their faces.

EARRINGS-Too many piercings in the ear to wear different type of earrings provides accuepressure points to the ear.
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WHAT ARE THE FACTORS THAT HAVE INFLUENCED THE JEWELLERY OF INDIA?
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A NECKLAE IN MUGHAL DESIGN
JEWELLERY IN THE MUGHAL PERIOD-The jewellery in this period displays very attractive designs,since these patterns contain the intricate designs, which were not only famous in that era, but even till date.

Infact most of the minute jewellery patterns in the recent ages have also been inspired by the Mughal  jewellers.
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A NOSE RING IN MUGHAL DESIGN
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JEWELLERY OF THE INDUS VALLEY CIVILIZATION-One of the first to start jewellery making were the peoples of the Indus Valley Civilization.

By 1500 BC the peoples of the Indus Valley were creating gold earrings and necklaces, bead necklaces and metallic bangles.

Before 2100 BC, prior to the period when metals were widely used, the largest jewellery trade in the Indus Valley region was the bead trade.

Jewellery in the Indus Valley was worn predominantly by females, who wore numerous clay or shell bracelets on their wrists.
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JEWELLRY OF THE INDUS VALLEY CIVILIZATION
DISCUSS THE VARIOUS TYPES OF BRIDAL JEWELLERY
Jewelery forms a part of every woman’s fantasy.

Different parts of India have different customs and there may be some items of jewelelry that you will need to necessarily have, owing to their customary significance.

Mangalsutra is an auspicious thread which the groom ties around the neck of his wife at the wedding ceremony. Mangalsutra is the symbol of being married and is worn by Hindu ladies in the greater part of Western and southern India.

Nath or nose ring is worn by brides of some regions of India.

Payals and bichua are jewelery meant to be worn on the feet. A payal is a chain which comes in a pair and is worn on both the ankles. These could come in silver too.

Chudis and kadas or Thin and thick Bangles/bracelets – are a symbol of Indian-ness worldwide and are worn by girls and married women alike.

Bridal jewelery is mostly made in precious metals like gold and silver or plated gold.

A very typical traditional Indian design that every bride must have is the ‘Jhumka’.

Traditionally, married women are supposed to put vermillion in their parting , or wear a delicate piece of jewelery called the maang teeka, as a symbol of their married status.
HOW DOES THE JEWELLERY DIFFER IN THE VARIOUS STATES/ RELIGIONS OF THE COUNTRY?
Antique gold ornaments comes in different styles depicting ones culture and tradition.

The gold jewelry popular in one state may not be as popular in other.

It differs from one state to other and culture to culture.

There are lot of such ornaments like conventional antique gold Maang tika which is popular in North India while gold Puchhootal fashioned in gold and set with gems, forms one of the most admired hair ornaments in in Tamil Nadu.

Dauni is available in attractive gold designs and also with diamonds while gold Jadai Nagam is popular in Tamil Nadu, Manglore and even in North India.

The antique gold ear jewelry like antique gold Jhumkaas are influenced by South India while Kanpata-a blend of filigree and cutwork are very popular in West Bengal.


Among all the jewelry, Nath is considered to be very important ornament in most of the religions and cultures.

The antique gold nose ring continues to fascinate aficionados far and wide.

The nose ring is something collector feel incomplete without. In Himachal traditions Bulak is very important while South Indians go for Mukkuththi.

Hasli, is quite a simple necklace having Rajasthani arty flair while gold Kasu Malai, which is necklace of coins is very popular with the woman of Tamil Nadu.

Antique Gold bazubands are very traditional yet trendy and in fashion these days.

Hyderabadi Bazuband has always been at top list among woman since ages while Hinged arm band is based on Pakistani creations.

Gold Kara, bangles and bracelets are also very popular in North India and considered to be quite important. All these gold ornaments really a must have for every gold enthusiast.

The women of Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala and Maharashtra are great sticklers for gold. This shiny metal is considered auspicious, not to mention a status symbol. Even the humblest bride down south has some gold in her trousseau.

Handcrafted gold jewellery is still very much the norm though machine-made trinkets are fast catching on. The major difference between the jewellery of north and south India is in the detail, delicacy and motifs. While north Indians think small is beautiful, south Indians certainly believe otherwise.
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TRADITIONAL JEWELLERY OF BENGAL
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JEWELLERY FROM HIMACHAL PRADESH
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JEWELLERY FROM RAJASTHAN
WHAT IS THE CULTURAL SIGNIFICANCE OF INDIAN JEWELLERY?
Indians have been using jewelry for adornment since centuries. The significance of jewelry in the country is evident from the fact that on many auspicious occasions, jewelry forms a part of gifts In India, jewelry is considered auspicious for women.

Jewelry has not only been considered for the purpose of adoration, but also as a security in times of contingency. This is because it is often expensive and can be sold whenever there is dire need of money..To accentuate their feminine beauty, they use jewelry made of gold, silver and diamonds.

Talking about the significance of jewelry in the life of women in India, they are gifted jewelry in different phases of life such as, at birth, at coming of age, in marriage, on becoming a mother, etc. Certain ornaments, such as mangalsutra, nath (nose ring) and toe rings, quintessential for married Indian women.

From the practice of generations, these gifts are still continuing without any abruption. Jewelry gifted to women at the time of her marriage is called 'stridhan' i.e. wealth of women, which in short is symbol of wealth, power and femininity.

HOW DIFFERENT IS CONTEMPORARY JEWELLERY FROM TRADITIONAL?
Contemporary jewellery is seen to be similar to
traditional art as far as its starting point is considered, i.e., it is based on the ideas
involved, not on the materials used.

Contemporary jewellery uses modern materials,
often side by side with traditional classy materials, and new and even somewhat
unusual techniques that have gained ground.

Contemporary jewellery aims to challenge
the traditional perception of the special relationship of the body and jewellery.
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GHS. Jewellery - Group Aabhushan - 4 GHS. Jewellery - Group Aabhushan - 4
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Date created:12/12/10
Last change:01/24/11

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